HIV Focus -
African Americans are the racial and ethnic group most affected by HIV with new infections being 8-times that of the white population per capita. The following is a notable or landmark timeline compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that looks at how HIV and AIDS has effected the African American community from the beginning of the disease to close to where we are today:
1981 – CDC reports first known cases of what we now call AIDS in its Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. In that first month, 26 cases are described, 1 of whom is African American
1982 – By the following year, CDC reports more than 86 cases of AIDS have occurred among African Americans – 20 percent of all cases reported for that year
1984 – Dr. Robert Gallo identifies HIV as the cause of AIDS
1986 – A special Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report on “AIDS Among Blacks and Hispanics,” finds that African Americans account for 51% of all AIDS cases among women and have an overall AIDS rate three times higher than whites
1987 – CDC launches the Black Faith Initiative to reach African American faith based organizations with HIV prevention information
1988-1990 – For the first time, the number of new infections among African Americans exceeds the number of infections in whites and remains that way ever since
1989 – Dancer and choreographer Alvin Ailey dies of AIDS
1990 – The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act of 1990 is enacted by Congress, providing federal funds for care and treatment
1991 – NBA legend Earvin “Magic” Johnson announces that he is HIV-positive
1992 – Tennis star Arthur Ashe announces he has AIDS
1993 – HIV becomes the leading cause of death for African American men, ages 25-44, and the second leading cause of death for African American women in the same age range
1994 – AIDS becomes the leading cause of death for all Americans ages 25-44; remains so through 1995
1994 – Rae Lewis Thornton becomes the first HIV-positive African American woman to tell her story for a national publication in Essence Magazine
1994 – CDC publishes recommendations on the use of AZT to reduce mother-to-child transmission
1995 – The following year, the agency reports that the number of children with perinatally acquired AIDS declines 27% between 1992 and 1995, with the most dramatic drop in cases occurring in 1994 and 1995
1995 – First protease inhibitor approved by the US FDA, ushering in a new era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)
1996 – HIV no longer leading cause of death for all Americans ages 25-44; remains leading cause of death of African Americans in this age group
1998 – African American community leaders join with the Congressional Black Caucus to declare a “state of emergency” and create the Minority AIDS Initiative to fund HIV prevention in black communities. Through the initiative, CDC launches a range of new HIV prevention efforts in black communities
1999 – Reggie Williams, founder of the National Task Force on AIDS Prevention, and one of the black community’s first and most vocal black gay HIV activists, dies of AIDS
2000 – HIV cases among Black and Latino men who have sex with men exceed those among their white counterparts
2001 – First Annual National Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day
2006 – CDC joins public health partners and African American leaders to launch the Heightened National Response to the HIV/AIDS Crisis among African Americans. More than 200 leaders join the effort
2006 – CDC recommends routine HIV testing in health care settings for all adults, aged 13-64
2007 – CDC launches its expanded HIV testing initiative to increase HIV testing opportunities, primarily among African Americans
2008 – New HIV incidence estimates show the number of new infections among African Americans, though unacceptably high, has remained stable for more than a decade
2008 – The Black AIDS Institute reports that if Black America were its own country it would rank 16th in the world in terms of number of people with HIV–ahead of Ethiopia, Botswana and Haiti
2008 – Data show that 1 in 16 Black men will diagnosed with HIV in their lifetime, as will 1 in 32 black women
2009 – The White House partners with CDC to launch Act Against AIDS, the first national HIV awareness campaign in two decades, and the Act Against AIDS Leadership Initiative – a partnership of leading black organizations working together to fight HIV in their communities
2009 – At the White House unveiling of the Act Against AIDS campaign, civil rights pioneer Dorothy Height urges African Americans to “talk about HIV, as we talk about jobs, as we talk about housing, as we talk about civil rights.”
2010 – The Obama Administration releases first National HIV/AIDS strategy for the United States which calls on the nation to focus HIV prevention efforts on those at greatest risk, including African Americans
2010 – NIH announces the results of its iPrEx trial, which shows that giving a once-daily pill containing drugs used to treat HIV to HIV-negative, high-risk men who have sex with men (MSM) reduces their risk of acquiring HIV by 44%
2011 – NIH publishes the results of the HPTN 052 study which shows that taking antiretroviral drugs at the onset of HIV leads to a dramatic reduction in HIV transmission to an uninfected heterosexual partner
Today – African Americans, more than any other race, have the highest rates of HIV infection in the nation. Although just 14% of the U.S. population, blacks account for nearly half of those living and dying with HIV and AIDS. Among African Americans, gay and bisexual men are the most affected, followed by heterosexual women. AIDS is the third leading cause of death among black women aged 25–34 and 35– 44 and among black men aged 35–44
What You Can Do
What is different though, because you live in a community that has such a high incidence of HIV, is the level of awareness that you need to have.
For starters, your awareness needs to begin with you. If you haven't been tested and think you might be at risk - no question - get tested. If you have a partner, get tested with him or her. Doing that gives you peace of mind of your partner's status too.
Educate not only yourself but close friends and family members who might not be as careful and knowledgeable as you and may also be at a higher risk.
Getting tested and being educated can help stop the spread of HIV to you and can also mean you not spreading it to others.
-The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website at www.CDC.gov. For HIV in general go to www.cdc.gov/hiv/. For information specific to the African American community, go to www.cdc.gov/hiv/risk/racialethnic/aa/index.html. There you'll have access to podcasts, factsheets, funding information, statistics and much more.
-The Black AIDS Institute. 1833 West 8th Street #200; Los Angeles, CA 90057-4920; 213-353-3610; www.blackaids.org
-National Black Leadership Commission on AIDS. 215 W. 125th Street; Suite 2; New York, NY 10027; 212-614-0023; www.nblca.org
-National Minority AIDS Council. 1931 13th Street NW; Washington, DC 20009; 202-483-6622; www.nmac.org
-The Balm in Gilead. 4108 E. Parham Rd.; Richmond, VA 23228; 804-644-2256; www.balmingilead.org
-The Black Church and HIV (NAACP). 410-580-5619; www.theblackchurchandhiv.org
Copyright 2015, Positive Health Publications, Inc.
This magazine is intended to enhance your relationship with your doctor - not replace it! Medical treatments and products should always be discussed with a licensed physician who has experience treating HIV and AIDS!